1. From Stagira to Plato's Academy (384-349)
Aristotle lived from 384-322BC, and is universally considered as one of the great thinkers of the ancient world. He was born in the city of Stagira in Macedonia . As the ancient Greeks had only one name, they were often referred to by their given name and the city at which they were born; thus: Aristotle of Stagira.
His father, Nichomacus, was the personal physician to the King of Macedonia, Amyntas; later, Aristotle would be tutor for a number of years to Amyntas' grandson: Alexander (later known as Alexander the Great). Aristotle Н s relationship with the Macedonian leadership was a complex one: he was certainly not an unconditional supporter, and indeed, differed markedly with his student Alexander over the status of Greek culture. Yet at the same time, Aristotle was denounced as pro-Macedonian by his enemies at strategic moments in his life (347BC and 322BC: read below).